This records the electrical signals in your heart. Electrodes are placed on your chest and a recording is made of your heart rhythm to detect structural abnormalities of the heart and disorders of heart rhythm.

The exercise treadmill test allows us to assess the response of your heart to exercise and detect significant blockages of the heart arteries and heart rhythm abnormalities. This is done by recording your ECG and monitoring your blood pressure while you walk on a treadmill.

The Ankle Brachial Index benchmarks the systolic blood pressure from both brachial (arm) arteries and from both dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial (foot) arteries. The measurement of this pressure is used to detect significant blockages of the leg arteries. Pulse Wave Velocity measures the speed at which the pulse travels through the artery to assess its stiffness and your risk of future stroke and heart attack.

This is an ultrasound machine with a probe specially designed to image the heart. Through these images, we can assess the chambers, valves, large blood vessels and the pumping function of your heart.

Thickening of the arteries is a result of ageing and the presence of risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, diabetes leading to cholesterol becoming deposited in the artery layers. This can lead to narrowing and even complete artery blockage and also increases the risk of blood clots forming within the blood vessel.

Thickened carotid arteries are a known precursor to future heart attacks and stroke. A thickness greater than 1 mm doubles the risk of you developing a heart attack or stroke in the next six years. Such changes in the carotid artery reflect changes in other arteries found in various organs so this test is an easy and safe way to assess the health of arteries throughout the body.

The CIMT test is an ultrasound scan that measures the thickness of the intima and media layers that line the carotid arteries, which are found just beneath the skin on either side of the neck and supply blood to the brain. During this 20-minute test, your doctor will apply a colourless gel to your neck then run an ultrasound scanner slowly up and down your neck to scan the entire length of each carotid artery. The thickness of the intima-media is measured along with the flow rate of blood passing through the artery.

You may experience no or minimal symptoms of a heart artery blockage while at rest but symptoms may be more evident when the heart is stressed by exercise or medications that stimulate the heart. The narrowed arteries can’t enlarge to accommodate the increased blood flow, which compromises blood flow to the heart muscle, starving it of oxygen. Stress echocardiography is capable of diagnosing significant disease in more than 85% of patients with significant narrowing of the heart arteries. It is an outpatient test that takes about 90 minutes. Learn more.

This is an essential tool in assessing valvular function and in helping your cardiologist make decisions about your treatment. It uses high-frequency ultrasound waves to produce detailed pictures of your heart and the arteries that lead to and from it. Rather than the transducer that produces the sound waves being placed on your chest as in normal ultrasound scans, it is placed on the end of a tube inserted into your mouth, down your throat and into your oesophagus. Because the oesophagus is close to your heart, clear images can be obtained using this method.

This test monitors your blood pressure (BP) for a continuous 24-hour period as you go about your normal daily life and gives a more accurate reflection of your true BP than a one-time test in our clinic. Your blood pressure is taken by a small digital blood pressure monitor attached to a belt around your waist and connected to a cuff around your upper arm.

This test monitors your blood pressure (BP) for a continuous 24-hour period as you go about your normal daily life and gives a more accurate reflection of your true BP than a one-time test in our clinic. Your blood pressure is taken by a small digital blood pressure monitor attached to a belt around your waist and connected to a cuff around your upper arm.

This is a wireless, battery-operated portable device that measures and records your heart’s electrical activity (ECG) continuously and remotely. Due to its ease of use, we can continuously record your heart rhythm for up to one week.

This is a special ECG technique in which multiple electrical signals from the heart are averaged to remove interference to reveal subtle abnormalities not visible in a conventional ECG. The presence of these abnormalities predict an increased likelihood of potentially dangerous electrical heart rhythm abnormalities.

This comprehensive transthoracic echocardiogram (2D Echo) study obtains additional information on the movement of the walls of the heart. It is used to identify whether, as a patient with severe heart failure in spite of optimum medical therapy, you may benefit from Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT-D).

You may undergo this test if you have had unexplained black outs or loss of consciousness in a bid to diagnose “vasovagal syncope”, a reflex black out that tends to occur in young people. During the test, you will be strapped to a special table which is then tilted to a vertical position as your heart rate, blood pressure and ECG are continuously monitored. If you black out, the test will be terminated immediately by returning the table to its horizontal position.